CAT BA INTRODUCTION
During your travels in Vietnam, you may have heard of Cat Ba Island – the Pearl Island of the north. Cat Ba’s beauty attracts many visitors but for a lot of people, this island still retains much mystery by its compelling mountainous landscape, never ending green forests and fascinating culture. You will not only fall in love with the lifestyle here but also the people. Let’s find out why visitors love Cat Ba so much! Following the links below to find a helpful part of the article for you:
Cat Ba History
The name of Cat Ba Island means “Women’s Island.” Legend has it that three women of the Tran Dynasty were killed and their bodies floated to the island. Local fisherman found the bodies on three different beaches, and the residents built a temple for each woman.
Prior to 1945, Cat Ba town was quite literally just named Cat Ba Street, later renamed to Cat Ba commune, located in the Cat Hai district of the Quang Yen province. In 1957, the town was renamed to Cat Ba Town and was absorbed into the Hai Phong province.
NORTHEASTERN VIETNAM FOLK STORY
According to a northeastern Vietnam folk story, Cat Ba island was once the harem of the first man to exploit lacquer in this area. When he discovered the precious bay with many beautiful islands, which later became known as Ha Long, it was also his time to conquer the fate of the island’s many lonely women, whose husbands had passed away. Later, on another sea trip full of uncertainty through the area, to freely exploit the area of Hon Gai, Bai Chay, he gathered all the women to live on a beautiful, rich and isolated island in the middle of the sea, located in Lan Ha Bay. That is how the island received its name Cat Ong (Man’s Island) to go along with Cat Ba (Women’s Island).
Cat Ba Geography
Cat Ba Island is part of an archipelago made up of 367 large and small islands. Cat Ba Island is the main island of about 140km², 50 kilometers away from Haiphong port, located in the southern part of Ha Long Bay. It creates a massive island complex and contains a large number of caves on the land and on the sea to fascinate visitors. Come to Cat Ba island, you can enjoy the fresh air and blend in with the beautiful nature.
Cat Ba National Park
Cat Ba Island is a giant green carpet, containing many mysterious and interesting attractions. Cat Ba National Park is the third biosphere reserve in Vietnam; now recognized by UNESCO as the World Biosphere Reserve. The total area of the Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve is over 26,000Ha; with two core zones (strict conservation and no human impact), two buffer zones (allowing for limited economic development but combined with conservation) and two transition areas (economic development). The Cat Ba biosphere reserve is a convergence of tropical rainforests on limestone islands; mangrove forests; coral reefs; rug and cave systems. Cat Ba Island also has the Cai Beo site, belonging to Ha Long culture, a group of people who lived here from 6475 – 4200 years ago.
Cat Ba Island
Cat Ba Island contains varied garden topography; with mainly limestone mountains; and many interesting caves; alternating with smooth; white sand beaches; where visitors can swim and relax. The limestone mountains have an average height of 150m; with the highest peak being Cao Vong; 322m above sea level. Cat Ba has 300 species of marine fish; 500 species of mollusks and crustaceans; of which many can be used as raw materials for producing fine art items such as tortoise; dragon shrimp; pearl oyster; coral; sea shells; and more …
Cat Ba Weather
Cat Ba Island weather is very cool, fresh, suitable for comfortable relaxation. Located in the tropical monsoonal zone influenced by the ocean, the average temperature, humidity and rainfall indexes of Cat Ba Island are similar to those in the surrounding areas. Winters are typically warmer than usual and summers are cooler than usual than the mainland.
In Detail: Precipitation: 1,700-1,800 mm / year, seasonal fluctuations. The rainy season is mainly July and August. Average temperature in Cat Ba Island is around 25-28 ° C.
In the summer it can be above 30 ° C, with average winter temperatures of 15-20 ° C, but may drop below 10 ° C (when the winter monsoons occur). Average humidity: 85%. Tidal oscillation: 3.3 to 3.9 meters. Sea salinity: From 0.930% (rainy season) to 3.111% (dry season).
Must See Places On Cat Ba Island
Cat Ba attractions offer natural, ecological tours that cannot be separated. There are many archaeological relics of the Neolithic, cultural relics Ha Long, and traces of the ancient Vietnamese
In addition, you also have the opportunity to visit the famous public beaches of Cat Ba: Cat Co 1, Cat Co 2, Cat Co 3, and an opportunity to join the beach party on Tung Thu Beach. Riding a motorbike on the road through the island; you have the opportunity to visit the unique places that are not available anywhere else, such as Trung Trang cave, Huong cave, Hospital cave, Thien Long cave, Gia Luan bridge – the most beautiful bridge in Cat Ba, and trekking in Cat Ba Nationl Park
Cat Ba visitors are not only attracted to the island by the caves and green canopy of the mountains, but also by the local food and boat trips. You will enjoy the fresh air of the sea and kayak visits to famous sites: Bright cave, Dark cave, and enjoy the clear waters at Three Peaches beach. Furthermore, joining the night cruise is another activity you can expect to enjoy in Cat Ba. You can go all over Lan Ha Bay – Ha Long Bay, and visit more than 100 different large beaches
Cat Ba National Park
Established in 1986, Cat Ba National Park has a forest, a sea rich with resources, beautiful scenery, and a variety of rare plants and animals. The total area of the park is 15,200ha, with the forest area being 9,800ha and the sea area being 4,200ha. The topography is diverse, made up of mainly limestone mountains with many caves. Each mountain, with an average height of 150m, has many small passages such as Da Lat Pass, Eo Bich Pass, Cao Pho Pass … and many large streams year around, such as Thuong Luong Stream, Treo Stream, Viet Hai Stream. Cat Ba is a tropical forest with special soil types. The limestone forest occupies the largest area, intermingled with natural forests on the mountain, especially in the Trung Trang area where the Kim Giao forest grows naturally.
The fauna here is also rich
The flora here contains 620 species from 123 families such as Dogs, Trai Ly, Lat Hoa, Dinh, Kim Giao …. These are trees that need protection for proper development. The fauna here is also rich with 20 species of mammals, 69 species of birds, 20 species of reptiles and amphibians, especially white-headed langurs, which live in cliffs along the coast. Rare and now only in Cat Ba. The cave on Cat Ba island is also very rich in plant and animal life. Each cave has a different beauty, creating beautiful natural paintings that will amaze anyone. The most visited caves are Luon cave, Trung Trang cave, Gia Luan cave, Thien Long grotto … with gorgeous stalactite stalks.
How To Get Cat Ba?
In the past, it was very difficult to reach Cat Ba island. Normally, from Ha Noi, tourists had to go to Hai Phong city by bus or train, then buy tickets at the Binh harbour to go to Cat Ba. Currently, reaching Cat Ba Island is much improved. Many bus companies are expanding direct routes from Hanoi (and other locations) to Cat Ba and from Cat Ba to other locations in Vietnam. This has been improving convenience for visitors, allowing them to have more choices to reach Cat Ba if they have a strict travel schedule.
You can ride a bike from your location to Cat Ba to enjoy the beauty of nature and scenery on the island road here
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